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Population of Mumbai

India’s Financial capital Mumbai, has overshot the national capital Delhi, in per capita income this year cannot boast of any achievement. According to 2011 census the per capita income of Mumbai is currently poised at a healthy Rs 1.25 lakhs.

The population of Mumbai City on the other hand has increased to 12,478,447 ( 1.24 crore or 12.4 million ) people from 11,914,398 ( 1.19 crore or 11.9 million ) in 2001. The population of the Island city was estimated at 3,145,966 (30.68 lakhs or 3.068 million ) while Mumbai Suburbs was estimated at 9,332,481 ( 93.32 lakhs or 9.332 million ).

In this decade the population of Mumbai and Mumbai suburbs has grown to 20,038 and 20,925 persons per square kilometer respectively, making Mumbai one of the densest districts in the country. Thus the population of Mumbai as a city is 20482. Thane and Pune are the two most populous districts in Maharashtra and have a density of 1,157 and 607 persons per sq km.

Infact the Island city recorded a negative population growth rate of 5.75 % while Mumbai suburbs has grew by just 8.01 %. Experts believe that the slow growth rate is good for the congested city as this would translate into decongestion as well as reduced burden on the cities infrastructure.

On the literacy ratio side Mumbai Island stands at 88.5 % , it is no surprise that Mumbai suburbs has highest literacy rate in the state of 90.9 %, nearer to the national topper Kerala at 93.9 %.
This makes the Literacy rate of the city at 89.7 %.
With a literacy rate of more than 69 %, the slums in Mumbai are the most literate in India.

The latest census has thrown a mixed bag of both disturbing as well as encouraging trends. The Female – Male ratio of Mumbai District is worst in the state. at 838 women per 1000 men. this is way below the national average mark of 914 women per 1000 men.
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Mumbai Map - City/suburbs 

A large majority of Mumbai’s population are migrants from other states of India. The low sex ratio is due to a large number of male migrants who come to the city to work. This migrant population who come and stays here in search of better employment opportunities is one of the significant factors in rising population of Mumbai. The number of migrants to Mumbai from outside Maharashtra during the 1991–2001 decade was 1.12 million, which amounted to 54.8% of the net addition to the population of Mumbai.

Hinduism continues to be the largest religion in Mumbai, with 67.39 % Hindu population. Muslims with 18.56 % population forms the second largest religious community in the city. The Buddhist (5.22%), Jains (3.99%), Christians (4.2%) and Sikhs (0.58%) have also significance presence in Mumbai. Parsis, Jews and people of other religions form the rest of the 0.6 % population.

Mumbai suffers from the same major urbanisation problems seen in many fast growing cities in developing countries: widespread poverty and unemployment, poor public health and poor civic and educational standards for a large section of the population.
With available space at a premium, Mumbai residents often reside in cramped, relatively expensive housing, usually far from workplaces, and therefore requiring long commutes on crowded mass transit, or clogged roadways.

Many of them live in close proximity to bus or train stations although suburban residents spend significant time traveling southward to the main commercial district.